On the morning of May 8, 1907, Winston Churchill, then holding his initial political office as the Under Secretary of the State for the Colonies, attended the 13th day of the Colonial Conference. The conference was being held at the Colonial Office and at that day’s session discussed an Australian resolution on navigation and trade. Later in the day Churchill was in the House of Commons where he announced the provision of government grants to Jamaica after the recent earthquake that struck that island and answered a variety of questions from members on the Colonial Conference, labour in the Rand gold mines, Alexander Swettenham’s resignation, cotton growing in British East Africa, trade with the Volta District, St. Lucia Riots, the deployment of naval ships in the West Indies, and labour in the New Hebrides. That evening Churchill attended a dinner given by King Edward VII at Buckingham Palace for the Colonial Premiers and the other members of the Colonial Conference.