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In his article “The Myth of a Naval Revolution by Proxy: Lord Fisher’s Influence on Winston Churchill’s Naval Policy, 1911-1914,” Christopher Bell critiques the arguments of the leading revisionist historians of pre-war British naval policy, Jon Sumida and Nicholas Lambert. The revisionists contend that Sir John Fisher as First Sea Lord, 1904-1910 planned to implement “flotilla defence” that would use submarines and flotilla craft to protect Britain rather than battleships and further assert that Churchill as First Lord of the Admiralty revived Fisher’s programme in July 1914. Bell, author of Churchill and Sea Power, refutes the revisionist claims and writes that rather than pursuing Fisher’s strategy it is likely that in July 1914 Churchill’s actual intention was to achieve “greater flexibility” in the Admiralty’s ship building programme. The article was published in the December 2015 issue of the Journal of Strategic Studies. The journal’s web site is here.

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