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spenceAt 9 AM on the morning of September 14, 1944, Winston Churchill, while still in bed in his room at the Citadel, spoke with Field Marshal Alan Brooke (Chief of the Imperial General Staff). Having received a further cable from Admiral Louis Mountbatten (supreme commander in SE Asia), the prime minister was in “good humour” and agreed to the sending of Lieutenant-General Oliver Leese to take the army group command in Burma. Later in the morning Churchill, along with Richard Law (minister of state at the Foreign Office), met with President Franklin Roosevelt. The meeting with Roosevelt continued at 11:30 AM with the leaders being joined by Henry Morgenthau (Treasury Secretary), H.D. White (Assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury), and Lord Cherwell (Paymaster-General). The Morgenthau Plan was again discussed with Churchill now supporting a “very much softened down” version of the plan to weaken the post-war German economy. A luncheon was held at 1:00 PM with the participants in the last meeting being joined by Clementine Churchill, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Canadian prime minister William Lyon Mackenzie King. At three o’clock in the afternoon Churchill met with Mackenzie King and the Canadian War Committee where the main question was the extent of future Canadian participation in the war against Japan. The British and Canadian chiefs of staff were brought in for part of the meeting. At 4:30 PM Churchill accompanied by Mackenzie King drove in Roosevelt’s open car to Spencewood to make a brief call upon the Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec and then continued on to Quebec’s Legislative Buildings to meet with Premier Maurice Duplessis and his provincial cabinet. Along the route large enthusiastic crowds gathered and cheered the prime ministers even though no public announcement had been made  of the outing. At 5:30 PM Churchill met with the American president, Morgenthau, and Cherwell about Lend-Lease. Afterwards he slept and was quite late for the dinner that evening which began at 8 PM at the Citadel. In attendance along with Churchill were Mackenzie King, Roosevelt, Morgenthau, Richard Law, Cherwell, Anthony Eden (Foreign Secretary), and Alec Cadogan (permanent under-secretary, Foreign Office). About midnight there was a showing of a movie selected by the president, Hail the Conquering Hero. Churchill, perhaps rudely, walked out part way through as it was particularly bad. That night Churchill spoke by long distance telephone with the Duke of Windsor. As he was preparing for bed Churchill told John Colville, his private secretary, of the financial advantages the Americans had promised Britain. Colville declared, “Beyond the dreams of avarice,” to which the prime minister replied, “Beyond the dreams of justice.”

Quebec

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