An article on the history of the “controversial” Royal Naval Division, “Churchill’s Improbable Army” by John A. Haymond, has been published in the Spring 2017 issue of MHQ: Quarterly Journal of Military History (29:3). On August 16, 1914 Winston Churchill, then-First Lord of the Admiralty, issued a directive for the creation of the division which would be composed of Royal Marine and Naval Reservists who had no training as soldiers. Critics though he was “aiming to create the equivalent of his personal army.” The article outlines the service of the division at Antwerp, Gallipoli, and the Western Front. The MHQ website is here.